The theories on gender

The same sex hormones occur in both men and women, but differ in amounts and in the effect that they have upon different parts of the body. The results have proven to be highly replicable.

Cognitive Learning.

gender difference theory slideshare

In the dominant U. Postnatal: Parents and others label and react towards a child on the basis of his or her genitals. Physically they appear male, though the effect of the additional X chromosome causes less body hair and under-developed genitals. Symbolic Interactionism George Herbert Mead is based specifically on communication.

Their equivocal position in relation to human essence entails that such theorists reject the emphasis on or highlighting of group identities, be they defined in terms of gender, sexuality, or any other aspect of differentiation. Seeing power as a multiple, constitutive force that operates in a variety of ways to produce what subsequently comes to be seen as an interior core or preexisting identity, postmodernists conceive of gender as no more than the effect of power and, as such, as a performative act that ostensibly calls into being what it is supposed to express.

what is gender

Citing Mao Zedong 's philosophy, "Women hold up half the sky", this may be seen as continuation of equality of men and women introduced as part of Cultural Revolution.

Psychodynamic theory has its roots in the work of Viennese Psychoanalyst, Sigmund Freud.

The theories on gender

To further confound the various uses to which the term can be put, gender may additionally refer to an individual's sexual identity, especially in relation to society or culture. Quadango et al. The final pillar provides a stage for knowledge management, exchange and dissemination on gender responsive development within the region to begin. Depending on their ideological and theoretical commitments, different scholars furthermore use gender in strikingly different ways. As Australian political scientist Chris Beasley maintains, "gender Feminine and Masculine is here not so much about the actual characteristics of men and women as the exemplary symbolic register for power and hierarchy in society" Beasley , p. These included exploratory behavior, aggression and play. Boys and girls shape their identity in relation to that of their mother. This identity marker provides children with a schema A set of observed or spoken rules for how social or cultural interactions should happen. Although not developed specifically for use in understanding gender development, it has particular applicability here. Hunting for food required speed, agility, good visual perception. Generally, but by no means exclusively, inspired by such queer thinkers as Judith Butler and Eve Kosofsky Sedgwick, postmodernists propound a largely discursive account of gender construction, emphasizing differences among and within all human beings. In addition to having a Y chromosome, these men also have an additional X on the 23rd chromosome, leading to the arrangement XXY.

The absence of the second X chromosome results in a child with a female external appearance but whose ovaries have failed to develop.

Most twenty-first-century dictionaries define gender as the condition of being female or male or sexbut also include the behavioral, cultural, or psychological traits typically associated with one sex into its meanings.

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Theories of Gender Development