How to write a discussion section apa style

results and discussion in apa

Interpretation is a subjective exercise. Limitations might be due to your overall research design, specific methodological choicesor unanticipated obstacles that emerged during the research process. Are your findings very different from other studies?

Apa discussion section example

Do not use overly technical language or include specifics in this section. To date, there is a growing body of literature documenting the effectiveness of telehealth for a number of medical and mental health difficulties. Limitations might be due to your overall research design, specific methodological choices , or unanticipated obstacles that emerged during the research process. We found that average daily IM use was negatively related to performance on the reading comprehension test, indicating that expertise did not help participants successfully complete the task. This was a cross-sectional research design that relied on survey data. Note that you can make this decision to highlight specific studies after you have begun writing the discussion section. If you feel compelled to speculate, do so in the form of describing possible implications or explaining possible impacts. However, keep in mind that too much use of the first person can actually distract the reader from the main points [i. The discussion section should relate your results to those found in other studies, particularly if questions raised from prior studies served as the motivation for your research. If a study that you cited does not support your findings, don't ignore it--clearly explain why your research findings differ from theirs.

Note that any significant or unanticipated finding is often because there was no prior research to indicate the finding could occur. In fact, expertise with IM predicted lower scores on the comprehension test. Bates College; Hess, Dean R. The discussion will always connect to the introduction by way of the research questions or hypotheses you posed and the literature you reviewed, but the discussion does not simply repeat or rearrange the first parts of your paper; the discussion clearly explain how your study advanced the reader's understanding of the research problem from where you left them at the end of your review of prior research.

As such, you should always approach the selection and interpretation of your findings introspectively and to think critically about the possibility of judgmental biases unintentionally entering into discussions about the significance of your work.

Annesley, Thomas M. The discussion should show how your findings fit with existing knowledge, what new insights they contribute, and what consequences they have for theory or practice. Examples The generalizability of the results is limited by… The reliability of this data is impacted by… Due to the lack of available data, the results cannot confirm… The methodological choices were constrained by… It is beyond the scope of this study to… State your recommendations Based on the discussion of your results, you can make recommendations for practical implementation or further research.

apa style case study paper example

NOTE: Besides the literature review section, the preponderance of references to sources is usually found in the discussion section. If there is prior research to indicate this, you need to explain why it was significant or unanticipated.

Sample observation paper apa style

Discuss whether or not your results support your hypothesis, and any larger implications or consequences of your work. Interpretation is a subjective exercise. To date, there is a growing body of literature documenting the effectiveness of telehealth for a number of medical and mental health difficulties. Comment on their relative importance in relation to your overall interpretation of the results and, if necessary, note how they may affect the validity of your findings. With this in mind, be careful that you do not read more into the findings than can be supported by the evidence you have gathered. Do not introduce new results in the discussion section. However, do not offer recommendations which could have been easily addressed within the study. Write a paragraph which analyzes your results. However, keep in mind that too much use of the first person can actually distract the reader from the main points [i. If you choose to combine the results section and the discussion section into a single narrative, you must be clear in how you report the information discovered and your own interpretation of each finding. This paragraph should include possible sources of error and instances of inconsistent or inconclusive data. Give a brief explanation about why you believe the findings and conclusions of your study are important and how they support broader knowledge or understanding of the research problem.

Otherwise, follow the general order you reported the findings in the results section.

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Writing in Psychology Discussion Section