A discussion on the controversial topic of chinas one child policy
Female sterilization accounts for 36 per cent of all contraception, male sterilization for 12 per cent, according to the Population Crisis Committee Population Crisis Committee, A commentary in the official newspaper Renmin Ribao of 17 May pinpoints the reasons why fines and delayed allocation of land had not brought about a family planning rural participation rate satisfactory to the government: There are two kinds of people who are not afraid of being fined: first, the rich, and second, the extremely poor.
How did the one child policy affect chinas population
However, as detailed further below, some sources claim that family planning regulations, at least with respect to the Tibetan minority, can be coercive despite these apparently more relaxed targets for family sizes. According to Xiao-huang Yin, Urban women average about 1. Excessive births by urban moving populations have also been brought under initial control Lhasa Tibet People's Radio Network 31 Mar. A Beijing publication cites a State Family Planning Commission survey which found that of 32 villages surveyed in Hebei and Hubei provinces "most According to Wang, the extreme birth control programs forced many women to undergo the procedures, and the phenomenon only dialed down during the s. His hope is that his son will go to university in the south of China and pursue a career and life there. Birthrates have fallen and are likely to continue to drop as parents like Xu decide against having more children. The commentary cites a study by the China Disabled Persons' Federation that reported that China had 3. Many suspect the fines — known as social compensation fees in recognition of the extra cost to society — give officials a strong incentive to resist reforms. A third consequence was instances in which the births of subsequent children after the first went unreported or were hidden from authorities. The phenomenon of "excess birth guerrillas" is linked to the larger topic of internal migration in China, where economic reforms have contributed to a loosening of social controls by the government Globe and Mail 12 Aug. True, she is standing in her parents' one-room home in Beijing, in a SpongeBob SquarePants T-shirt and cropped trousers. In China the fertility rate and the birth rate both decreased after ; the Chinese government estimated that some million births had been prevented. According to the article, Law-enforcement contingents for family planning have been established at all levels from higher levels downward.
Peng Peiyun, the Minister of the State Family Planning Commission, and possibly the most powerful woman in China Scruggs 29 Julygave the following explanation of the limits of force available to officials in convincing women to have an abortion: "Simply said, you can't tie her up and make her do it," [Peng Peiyun] said, but officials should create a "general mood" favoring abortion in their communities and bring pressure to bear to "mobilize" the woman.
The next generation ends up inheriting all wealth from both sides of the family.
Because sons were generally favoured over daughters, the sex ratio in China became skewed toward men, and there was a rise in the number of abortions of female fetuses along with an increase in the number of female babies killed or placed in orphanages.
In most countries, about or boys are naturally born for every girls New York Times 21 July Conditions in orphanages for these abandoned girls have become a matter of international concern, especially when squalid conditions in one orphanage in Nanning became part of the propaganda battle behind Beijing's bid for the Olympics Daily Mail 17 Dec.
Officially the fertility rate stands at 1. As well, it required doctors to advise women with hereditary diseases likely to affect the child to have abortions China Daily 4 Jan.
According to the Population Crisis Committee, the UNFPA has been funding studies on the causes of retardation in China, in an effort to move legislators away from eugenics laws ibid.
Thus, a "temporary" stay may extend to a year or more.
based on 112 review