A description of acidosis as a condition characterized by excessive acid in the body fluids
Acidosis and alkalosis
Diabetics with ketoacidosis receive IV fluids and insulin to balance out their pH. A transient excess of bicarbonate in the blood can follow ingestion of excessive amounts of bicarbonate, citrate, or antacids for conditions such as stomach acid reflux—known as heartburn. Metabolic acidosis can also occur as a result of abnormal metabolism. The CPAP device can help you breathe if you have an obstructed airway or muscle weakness. It also reveals your blood pH. In domesticated ruminants, lactic acidosis may occur as a consequence of ingesting large amounts of grain, especially when the rumen population is poorly adapted to deal with grain. Severe acidosis may also be treated directly when it does not respond to efforts to treat the cause. Extensive damage to proteins in this way can result in disruption of normal metabolic processes, serious tissue damage, and ultimately death. Background Maintaining the acid-base balance is one of the most strongly regulated variables in human physiology. Although these changes in the acid-base balance are small, it has been shown that a diet-induced slight decrease in blood pH can have a significant impact on metabolism. Breathing faster and deeper increases the amount of carbon dioxide exhaled. They can also determine whether the cause is a breathing problem or a metabolic problem. For example, your doctor may give you sodium bicarbonate baking soda to raise the pH of your blood. In some cases, sodium bicarbonate the chemical in baking soda may be given to reduce the acidity of the blood.
The body produces excess acid in the advanced stages of shock lactic acidosis and in poorly controlled type 1 diabetes mellitus diabetic ketoacidosis. Treatment Treatment of the cause Sometimes fluids with bicarbonate given by vein Almost always, treatment of acidosis is directed at reversing the cause.
In the anoxic conditions where anaerobic respiration is dominant, calcium levels in the blood plasma increase. One key to distinguish between respiratory and metabolic acidosis is that in respiratory acidosis, the CO2 is increased while the bicarbonate is either normal uncompensated or increased compensated.
Types of Acidosis and Alkalosis Table 3 pH. Metabolic acidosis also develops when the body loses too much base. Surprisingly, aspirin overdose—salicylate toxicity—can result in respiratory alkalosis as the body tries to compensate for initial acidosis.
Drugs that open the airways bronchodilators, such as albuterol may help people who have lung diseases such as asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.
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